Beauty Fitness and Dermatology

Nail Care and Nail Disorders

The nail, an appendage of the skin, is a horny, translucent plate that protects the tips of the fingers and toes. Onyx is the technical term for the nails. The condition of the nail, like that of the skin, reflects the general health of the body.

Beau's lines - These are the lines running on the nail front face. They are characterised by grooves on the nails and unilateral lines.
Ingrown toenails


Nail Care Tips

Nails are produced by living skin cells in the fingers and toes. They are composed primarily of keratin, a hardened protein also found in skin and hair.

A normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and appears to be slightly pink in color. Its surface is smooth, curved and unspotted, without any hollows or wavy ridges.

Remember the following tips:

  • Keep nails clean and dry.
  • Keep your toenails cut short.
  • Nails should be cut straight across and rounded slightly at the tip for maximum strength. Use sharp nail scissors or clippers. Filing the nails into points will weaken them.
  • Avoid biting fingernails, and do not remove your cuticle.
  • Avoid walking barefoot at public showers and swimming facilities.
  • Avoid "digging-out" ingrown toenails, especially if they are already infected and sore. Seek treatment from a dermatologist.
  • Make sure your shoes fit properly.
  • Report any nail irregularities to your dermatologist. Nail changes, swelling, and pain could signal a serious problem.
  • To keep your nails strong dial the telephone no. with the help of pen or pencil.
  • For gorgeous and beautiful nails wear gloves when you are doing housewok, gardening to prevent it from nicks cuts and drying elements.
  • To avoid encouraging nails to grow into surrounding tissue of your toenails keep shape of toenails square.
  • Change your nail-varnish atleast once in a week. For next day use fresh nail-varnish.
  • To apply nail polish neatly first dip the brush into bottle and then to remove extra nail polish press it slightly against the edge of the bottle’s mouth.
  • To avoid nail problems do not wear toe-pinching shoes because cramming toes into tight shoes may lead nail problem.
  • Nail massage helps to improve your blood flow to the fingers and toes. It also helps to make nails strong and flexible.
  • For healthy and strong nails eat healthy foods, because it show direct effect on nails.
  • To soften your skin and to make your cuticles easier to manipulate, rub a cuticle oil or cream around your nails before you manicure.
  • During each coat of polish leave enough time for your nail varnish to dry so that you can get a silky, smooth finish.

Signs and Symptoms of nail disorders

Nail disorders comprise  about 10 percent of all skin conditions.  Nail disorders are accompanied by the following signs and symptoms.

Discoloration or spotting
Painful, red swelling
Pits, ridges, scars
Brown-black band

Treatment of nail disorders or diseases

Without treatment, condition often spreads to multiple toenails and can form a portal for recurrent bacterial infections. Common in diabetics and can contribute to foot problems.

Surgical treatment is common to remove tumors or correct structural abnormalities. Non-surgical treatments include the use of topical or oral medications.

Nail technicians are trained to beautify the hands/feet and are not allowed to diagnose nail diseases or to treat them in the salon.  For your nail health, seek the diagnosis and recommendation of a knowledgeable dermatologist. 

Herbal home remedies for curing nail infections

Herbal remedies may offer relief from symptoms. Herbs are generally available as dried extracts (pills, capsules, or tablets), teas, or tinctures (alcohol extraction, unless otherwise noted).

Spread your Buzz here..

What others have contributed to this page?

Use the form below.

A- Z Of nail care
Beau's lines
Ingrown toenails
Nail patella syndrome (NPS)
Toe nail fungus
Yellow nail syndrome
Nail Structure
Cuticles and nail beds
How nails grow
Nail Infection
Nails and water
Nail Color
Misusing your nails
The importance of gloves

Home | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Site Map | BLOG | Beauty and Fitness Articles |

Skin Care | Skin Disease | Makeup | Beauty | A-Z Dermatology | Beauty and Fitness | Home remedies and products | Women's Health | Nail Care | Aloe Vera | Hair Care | Haircut | BFG Blog

Copyright © 2005-2023 Beauty Fitness Guide. All rights reserved :: The contents of this website may not be reprinted in any form without permission from the website administrator. Any attempts will result in swift action.