Beauty Fitness and Dermatology

Snake Bite - Treatment, Picture and First Aid for Sanke Bite

Each year, nearly 8,000 people receive poisonous snake bites in the United States. Even a bite from a so-called "harmless" snake can cause infection or allergic reaction in some people. People who frequent wilderness areas, camp, hike, picnic, or live in snake-inhabited areas should be aware of the potential dangers posed by venomous snakes.

One of the most painful and excruciating injuries that can occur to an individual is that of a venomous snake bite. There is very little good news when it comes to this situation. It helps somewhat to learn that many times even the most toxic of snakes may not inject venom. This may be a choice made by the snake as in not being angered, not threatened, nor in pain. It may be a previously injured snake with no venom available or one that had just completed a serious eating binge wherein most poison was used up. At any rate, the fact is that a significant proportion of bites do not result in any envenomation! That is probably the only really good news about snake bites! The other point in such a discussion which needs to be made is that very few bites occur totally as an accident. This means that most victims actually were aware that the snake was present before they were bitten.

Symptoms and Signs of Poisonous snake bite

While each individual may experience symptoms differently, the following are the most common symptoms of poisonous snake bites:

  • burning
  • convulsions
  • fainting
  • dizziness
  • weakness
  • blurred vision
  • excessive sweating
  • bloody wound discharge
  • fang marks in the skin and swelling at the site of the bite
  • severe localized pain
  • diarrhea
  • fever
  • increased thirst
  • loss of muscle coordination
  • nausea and vomiting
  • numbness and tingling
  • rapid pulse

First Aid for Snake Bite

  1. Check constriction bands periodically as swelling may occur and loosen as appropriate.
  2. Monitor for symptoms of shock and be prepared to administer appropriate treatment. At any signs of major stress or unusual/unexplained discomfort, check for need to apply other first aid techniques - elevate bitten extremity, elevate legs from lying down position, keep warm, immobilize, etc. Do not administer alcohol or cause additional stress to victim. Avoid food or liquid intake.
  3. Remove any jewelry or tight fitting clothing. Quickly tie a light restricting band both above and below the bite area a few inches away from the puncture/bite marks.
  4. Without cutting, apply strong suction, preferably within seconds of the bite directly on the main or deepest puncture/bite marks. This can be accomplished with the mouth or a commercial bite kit suction device. Time is critical here as any venom present will become destructive very quickly!
  5. Rapidly apply antiseptic cleanser to the entire area and place cold compress as closely as possible without interfering with suction process.
  6. Continue strong suction and alternate the location of compress to avoid injury from severe cold.
  7. Keep victim warm and immobilize as practical. Movement to proper treatment facility is more crucial than maintaining immobile status. Maintain above treatment functions throughout.
  8. If practical, dispatch snake and take along for any identification or testing needs. The primary purpose of this first aid is to slow down or reduce the invasion of the venom, to protect the victim from further side effect trauma, to prepare the victim for later medical procedures such that complications may be minimized, and generally to get the victim to such treatment as quickly and safely as practical.
  9. Stand by for back up assistance or side task assignments like contacting relatives, protecting scene materials, providing useful information of incident facts, describe first aid administered, etc.

Treatment of Snake Bite

Most often, physicians use antivenin -- an antidote to snake venom -- to treat serious snake bites. Antivenin is derived from antibodies created in a horse's blood serum when the animal is injected with snake venom. Because antivenin is obtained from horses, snake bite victims sensitive to horse products must be carefully managed.

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